There are some unique places in the world which face disappearance because of global warming, rising of the sea level, urbanisation, desiccation of lakes and many other reasons. I would like to present some of this places and the factors that are causing their disappearance.
The Florida Everglades is one of the most unique national parks in the world on the south of Florida. Everglades faces invasive kinds of animals, pollution from farms and intervention of humans into nature on a long-term basis. For example, 60 percent of this area’s water is diverted to the surrounding countyside and farms. Due to these factors, the area of the national park has been cut to half since 1900.
Another problem of Everglades is the possibility of extinction some of the rare animals that live only in this area, for example Florida panther, Florida manatees and some unique kind of birds. The cause of this is because their natural habitat is disappearing.
The Dead Sea
The lake that is famous for its high salt content, its minerals and the cosmetic products promising younger and healthier skin is disappearing due to the lack of water coming in from its main source: the Jordan River. In the last 40 years has the Dead Sea shrunk a third its area and the hotels that once were on its shore are now 2 kilometers away from it.
The problem is caused by Israel and Jordan that are diverting more and more water from the Jordan River. That, combined with the mineral mining that’s taking place in the south portion of the Sea has created a detrimental situation.
The shores of the Dead Sea are famous all around the world because of a unique experience. The high level of salt in the water allows to people to stay afloat and float weightlessly.
To solve the problem of dessication of the Dead See, there is a proposed conduit (pipes and brine canal) which would run from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea. It will provide potable water to Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories, bring sea water to stabilise the Dead Sea water level and generate electricity to support the energy needs of the project. Some critics are sceptic about this project. They assume that the canal will increase seismic activity in the region.
Great Barrier Reef
Time is running out also for the world’s largest coral reef system. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia. Experts assume that approximately 60 percent of the Great Barrier Reef is goint to disappear by 2030.
The GBR is influenced by polluted water, tropical cyclones, but mainly by the long-term warming of the ocean. The last one causes coral bleaching. Coral bleaching events lead to increased disease susceptibility, which causes detrimental ecological effects for reef communities.
This unique ecosystem has been evolving for thousands of years. As global warming continues, corals will not be able to keep up with increasing ocean temperatures.
Written by Anita Fuzéková